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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-62

Evaluation of Hyponatremia in Admitted Patient in General Medicine Department at Tertiary Care Centre of Bihar


1 Additional Professor, Department of General Medicine, IGIMS, Patna, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, IGIMS, Patna, India
3 Additional Professor, Department of Biochemistry, IGIMS, Patna, India
4 Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine, IGIMS, Patna, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Kumar Mishra
Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, IGIMS, Patna
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder in admitted patients, defined as a serum sodium level less than 135 mEq/L. It is associated with different clinical condition and its clinical presentation has a wide spectrum. Aims: To find out prevalence, clinical profile and mortality of hyponatremia among hospitalized patients. Material & Method: We carried out a observational study on patients aged 15 years or above admitted in General Medicine department IGIMS over a period of 6 months. Patients were screened for hyponatremia, then clinical profile of these patients along with outcome was recorded. Statistical analysis was done to find out p value. Results: Prevalence of hyponatremia was 15.97% , hyponatremia was common in male (59.14%) and among older patients (38.26%). Mortality among hyponatremia was 13.91%, p- value was 0.127031, so result was not significant. Conclusion: Hyponatremia is common at admission among hospitalized patients, however hyponatremia among hospitalized patients with different clinical condition is not a predictor of mortality in this study.


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